Tafsir by Ibn Kathir


Ibn Kathir wrote a famous commentary on the Quran named Tafsir al-Quran al-'Adhim which linked certain Hadith, or sayings of  prophet Muhammad (pbuh), and sayings of the sahaba to verses of the Quran, in explanation. Tafsir ibn Kathir is famous all over the Muslim world, and among Muslims in the Western world is one of the most widely used explanations of the Qu'ran today.

Ibn Kathir is renowned for his great memory regarding the sayings of prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and the entire Quran. Ibn Kathir is known as a qadi, a master scholar of history, also a muhaddith and a mufassir (Quran commentator). Ibn Kathir saw himself as a Shafi'i scholar. This is indicated by two of his books, one of which was Tabaqaat ah-Shafa'iah, or The Categories of the Followers of Imam Shafi.Imam Ibn Kathir's full name was Abu’l-Fida’ Ismaa’eel ibn Katheer al-Dimashqi (d. 774 AH).

Ibn Kathir was renowned for his great memory regarding the sayings of prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and the entire Quran. He was also known as a qadi, a master scholar of history, also a muhaddith and a mufassir (Quran commentator). Ibn Kathir saw himself as a Shafi'i scholar. This is indicated by two of his books, one of which was Tabaqaat ah-Shafa'iah, or The Categories of the

Followers of Imam Shafi'i. The title of this tafseer is Tafseer al-Quraan il-‘Azeem. It is believed that this is the most commonly referred and used exegesis of the Noble Quran. Al-Suyooti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said concerning this Tafseer: Nothing like it has ever been written (Tadhkirat al-Huffaaz, p. 534). This Tafseer is based on commentary by quoting texts – verses and ahaadeeth. It is written in an excellent and easy style which is neither longwinded and boring, nor too short.

He explains verses by quoting other verses and the ahadith that have been narrated on the same topic as the verse. Muhammad ibn Ja’far al-Kataani said about this tafseer: It is full of ahaadeeth and reports with the isnaads of those who narrated them and discussion of how sound or weak they are (Al-Risaalah al-Mustatrafah, p. 195). For the ahadith,  he quotes the isnaads of some, especially those that were narrated by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad, as he is one of those who memorized al-Musnad. Imam Ibn Al-Kathir also discusses the soundness and weakness of the ahaadeeth in most cases, which is one of the important feature of his Tafseer. In this book, he has also quoted the views of the salaf, including the Sahaabah and Taabi’een, while giving an indication about the opinions and interpretations that he considers to be more sound than the others. While doing so, he has avoided odd dissenting opinions.




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